Schengen Agreement Articles
The Schengen Agreement includes two separate agreements that were ratified in 1985 and 1990 respectively. Between them, they abolished border controls and greatly facilitated transit through Europe. The two individual agreements indicated that a short-stay visa would cost 60 euros ($46; 66 usd), but only 35 euros for Russians, Ukrainians and citizens of some other countries as part of the facilitation of the issuance of visas. The November 13 attacks in Paris, which killed 130 people, led to an urgent change of mentality in the Schengen agreements. ACCORDIMPLEMENTING THE SCHENGEN AGREEMENT of 14 June 1985 between the governments of the states of the Benelux Economic Union, Federal Germany and the French Republic on the phasing out of controls at their common bordersThe BELGIC, the GERMAN FEDERAL REPUBLIC, THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, the GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG and the ROYAUME OF THE NETHERLANDS, known as “contracting parties”, are the basis of the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985 Beg. CONSIDERING that the Treaty establishing the European Communities respects the will expressed by this agreement to abolish controls at their common borders in the area of passenger transport and to facilitate the transport and movement of goods at these borders, CONSIDERING that the Treaty establishing the European Communities respects the will expressed by this agreement to abolish controls at their common borders in the area of transport of persons and transport goods at these borders and, in the Treaty establishing the European Communities, supplemented by the Single European Act, the internal market has a space without internal borders, the objective pursued by the contracting parties being without prejudice the measures to be taken for the implementation of the provisions of the Treaty, since the fulfilment of this will requires a series of appropriate measures and close cooperation between the contracting parties. “HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:TITLE IDEFINITIONSArticle 1Stgoing convention: internal borders: internal borders: the common land borders of the contracting parties, their airports for domestic flights and their seaports for regular ferry links to or from other ports located within the territory of the contracting parties and without start-up in ports outside these areas; external borders; : the land and sea borders of the contracting parties and their airports and seaports, unless they are internal borders; domestic flight: any flight into or out of the territory of the contracting parties and not landing on the territory of a third country; third countries: any country other than the contracting parties; tender for a refusal of entry: a foreigner for whom a report has been lodged in the Schengen information system, in accordance with Article 96, in order to refuse entry of that person; border crossing: any crossing point authorized by the relevant authorities for crossing the border; border control: a border check carried out exclusively in response to the intention to cross that border, regardless of another counterpart; institution: any individual or corporation whose profession is to provide a permit to transport passengers, sea or land; residence permit: an authorization of any kind granted by a contracting party who grants his right of residence on his territory.